The 1982-83 excavation seasons found what would prove to be the largest treasure of minted gold ever made in our country. Deep down in the wreck, among the remains of a broken wooden box, 255 gold coins and several silver and copper coins were found. Among the coins were also other objects such as navigational instruments, tools, a broken glass bottle and a gold ring. The coins are minted during the period late 15th century to the sinking year 1676.
The places of embossing vary greatly. Places such as Cairo, Seville, Reval (now Tallinn), Aleppo in Syria and Gümüşhane in Turkey are represented among the coins. The actual value of the gold coins is calculated at 550 riksdaler. This corresponds to approximately one third of the National Admiral's annual salary. However, the great value of the coin tax is really the historical one.
Gold coins were a relatively unusual means of payment in 17th century Sweden. The krona coins also have a large geographical and temporal spread. This may mean that the tax already in the 17th century constituted a coin collection or wealth symbol. Some indications are that the tax may have belonged to Acting Admiral Lorentz Creutz. To illustrate the large class differences that prevailed in the society of that time, it can be mentioned that an ordinary daily wage worker would have had to work 10-20 years to earn together to the value of the tax. This can be compared with the National Admiral's third annual salary. In this context, it should be remembered that senior officers were often made personally responsible for material losses in the navy. The fines imposed on the debtor could amount to very high amounts. Most of the gold coins in the Crown's treasure are so-called ducats. This international gold coin was introduced in Sweden in 1654. The fine weight of the ducat was 3.39 grams. In the Crown Tax, there are both single, double and ten ducats. Coins and coin counting varied greatly during the 17th century. The value of the tax is calculated at 297 ducats = 550 riksdaler = 14,300 marks km (copper coins) = 3,575 daler km = 1,191 daler 21 1/3 öre sm (silver coins), based on 1 daler sm = 3 daler km, 32 öre on each daler, 8 öre on each land.
Some price comparisons:
km = copper coin
1 day's work = 24 öre - 1 daler 16 öre k m.
1 thin salmon (just over 125 l) = 60 daler k m.
1 thin beef = 21 daler km (the pork was more expensive!).
1 thin rye (approx. 150 l) = 5-8 daler k m.
1 thin wheat = 15 daler km (wheat was unusual in Sweden at this time).
1 aln simpler fabric = 8 daler k m.
1 aln velvet = 24 daler k m.
1 pair of patch gloves = 18 öre k m.
1 thin beer (125 l) = 20-25 daler k m.
1 book (house postilla) = 25 daler 16 öre k m.
Postage Stockholm - Vadstena = 9 öre km per lot (13 grams).
Another gold coin treasure was found at the wreck site in the summer of 2000 when an area of Kronan's cable car was examined. Among quantities of crushed objects, 46 gold ducats were found well collected, indicating that they originally lay in some form of container. The majority of the coins are from the United Netherlands and the German-Roman Empire. They were struck between the years 1559 and 1675. The owner of the coins is unknown, but he must be sought among the higher command on board the ship. The tax is the fourth largest gold coin tax found in Sweden.
The silver coin taxes
In the summer of 1989, the largest silver coin treasure ever found in Swedish waters was exposed. Just under 1,000 coins, the oldest battle in Gelderland in the Netherlands in the 1520s, were well collected on the lower deck. In the summers of 2005 and 2006, the 1989 silver tax was far exceeded. A total of more than 20,000 silver coins with a total weight of 60 kg have been found in two chests. The container of 2005, a wicker basket chest, turned out to contain a silver coin treasure of 6,500 silver coins, of which about 6,200 4 trout, all minted in 1675 bearing the monogram master Daniel Faxell's monogram. Other coins consisted of about 200 Central European land and Thaler coins from the 1620s and some copper coins. The weight of the tax amounts to 27 kg. About 600 brass and silver buttons as well as high-end clothes were also found in the basket coffin. The coins are probably intended as a cash register for the master. Under normal circumstances, wages were paid on land. The fact that a tin dish carrying Acting Admiral Lorentz Creutz and his wife Elsa Duvall's initials was found next to the treasure, indicates that the coins may also have belonged to Creutz.